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Near Protocol Explained:
A Comprehensive Guide

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How NEAR Protocol (NEAR) Works

NEAR Protocol is a blockchain platform designed to facilitate the development of dApps and smart contracts. Launched in 2020, NEAR aims to address some of the scalability and usability challenges faced by earlier blockchain networks. It employs a unique "Nightshade" consensus mechanism which combines elements of both sharding and PoS to achieve high throughput and low latency. This approach allows NEAR to process thousands of transactions per second, making it suitable for a wide range of apps that require fast and efficient interactions on the blockchain. NEAR offers a developer-friendly environment with a Rust programming language and tools that enable efficient smart contract development. Moreover, NEAR is aiming to make blockchain applications accessible to wider audience.

The NEAR token serves as the native crypto of the NEAR Protocol ecosystem, playing a crucial role in powering various activities within the network. Launched alongside the platform in 2020, NEAR tokens operate as both a utility and governance asset. As a utility token, NEAR is used to pay for transaction fees, computational resources, and services on the NEAR blockchain. Users and developers can use NEAR tokens to interact with dApps, execute smart contracts, and participate in the network's activities. Token holders also can participate in the decision-making processes of the protocol's development and evolution, as well as propose and vote on protocol upgrades, changes to parameters, and other key decisions.

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  1. What Makes NEAR Unique?

    The NEAR token stands out for its dual functionality as both a utility and governance asset within the NEAR Protocol ecosystem. Its role in powering transactions, smart contracts, and dApps while also granting holders a say in network decisions through decentralized governance mechanisms makes it a distinctive and versatile cryptocurrency.

  2. What NEAR Is Used For?

    The NEAR token is used to pay for transaction fees, deploy and interact with smart contracts, and access various dApps within the network. Additionally, NEAR token holders play a crucial role in the platform's governance by participating in decentralized decision-making processes, such as proposing and voting on protocol upgrades and parameter changes.

  3. On What Blockchain Is NEAR Built?

    The NEAR token is built on the NEAR Protocol blockchain, which is a decentralized blockchain platform designed to support the development of dApps and smart contracts. The NEAR Protocol blockchain is specifically engineered to provide an efficient and user-friendly environment for developers to build and deploy blockchain-based applications.